London slang has many varieties, the best known of which is rhyming slang.
British slang - Wikipedia
English-speaking nations of the former British Empire may also use this slang to a certain extent, but also incorporate their own slang words to reflect their different cultures. Not only is the slang used by British expats, but some of these terms are incorporated into other countries' everyday slang, such as in Australia, Canada and Ireland.
British slang has been the subject of many books, including a seven volume dictionary published in Lexicographer Eric Partridge published several works about British slang, most notably Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English , revised and edited by Paul Beale. Slang is the use of informal words and expressions that are not considered standard in the speaker's dialect or language.
Slang is often to be found in areas of the lexicon that refer to things considered taboo see euphemism. It is often used to identify with one's peers and, although it may be common among young people, it is used by people of all ages and social groups. Collins English Dictionary 3rd edition defines slang as "Vocabulary, idiom etc that is not appropriate to the standard form of a language or to formal contexts, may be restricted as to social status or distribution, and is characteristically more metaphorical and transitory than standard language".
The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar defines it as "Words, phrases, and uses that are regarded as informal and are often restricted to special contexts or are peculiar to specific profession, classes etc". Jonathan Green, in his book The Cassell Dictionary of Slang , defines slang as "A counter language, the language of the rebel, the outlaw, the despised and the marginal".
The dating of slang words and phrases is difficult due to the nature of slang.
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Slang, more than any other language, remains spoken and resists being recorded on paper or for that matter any other medium. By the time slang has been written down, it has been in use some time and has, in some cases, become almost mainstream. The first recorded uses of slang in Britain occurred in the 16th century in the plays of Thomas Dekker , Thomas Middleton and William Shakespeare. The Caveat contained stories of vagabond life, a description of their society and techniques, a taxonomy of rogues, and a short canting dictionary which was later reproduced in other works.
Gent was published, which additionally included some 'civilian' [ clarification needed ] slang terms. It remained the predominant work of its kind for much of the 18th century, until the arrival in of The Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue by Captain Francis Grose , which ran to more than five expanded editions. In two multi-volumed slang dictionaries went on sale: Henley; the latter being published in seven volumes.
It was later abridged to a single volume and released in as A Dictionary of Slang and Colloquial English. There are a number of different varieties of British slang, arguably the best known of which is Rhyming slang. Chiefly associated with cockney speech spoken in the East End of London , words are replaced with a phrase which rhymes. For example: Often only the first word is used, so plates and twist by themselves become the colloquialisms for "feet" and "girl".
Thieves' cant or Rogues' cant was a secret language a cant or cryptolect which was formerly used by thieves, beggars and hustlers of various kinds in Great Britain and to a lesser extent in other English-speaking countries.
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It is commonly believed that cant was developed from Romany but the Winchester Confessions , a pamphlet published in , clearly distinguishes between Gypsy and Cant words. Some slang was developed because of a need for secrecy, such as prison slang , believed to be derived from thieves cant,  and Polari , a variety used by homosexuals in Britain and the United Kingdom.
Homosexuality was a crime until and Polari has a history going back at least a hundred years. Cupid stunt and Betty Swallocks. Slang is also used to create an identity or sense of belonging and a number of occupations have their own slang; most notably the armed forces, referred to as Forces or Service slang; and the construction industry. Hunt and A. Pringle was published in The introduction acknowledges that slang is an ever-changing language with new slang terms emerging all the time. It also recognises that some service slang has made its way into civilian use.
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An Introduction to English Slang. Much Ado about English. Nicholas Brealey Publishing. The Cambridge History of the English Language. Cambridge University Press. Oxford University Press. American English: An Introduction. Broadview Press. Huffington Post. Retrieved 24 March Columbia University Press. Retrieved 17 March Gay s Language: A Dic k tionary of Gay Slang. Banned Books.https://lenscompgentcomer.ga
Appendix:English sexual slurs
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